Knoema, an Eldridge enterprise, is the premier information platform and probably the most comprehensive source of worldwide decision-making data in the world. Our revolutionary expertise changes the way people and organizations uncover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s knowledge to facilitate better selections and higher outcomes. By accessing FIBA.basketball pages, you agree to abide by FIBA.basketball terms and circumstances. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Brunei presents an summary of significant themes, points, and challenges pertinent to Brunei Darussalam within the twenty-first century. Multidisciplinary in protection, the contributions cowl subjects referring to philology, historical past, religion, language and literature, geography, worldwide relations, economics, politics and sociocultural traditions.
The court docket emphasized that these were rapes only due to the complainant’s age, not because any force was used towards her. The courtroom noted that the reality that a rape is dedicated with consent doesn’t lower the usual of proof which is required of the act itself. The court docket reasoned that it might be dangerous to convict in reliance on the complainant’s proof, which had several inconsistencies. Additionally, the testimony of an analyzing physician this link confirmed that the complainant’s evidence was suspect. The complainant denied having had sexual activity with anybody in the date range at concern, which did not agree with the evidence of the inspecting physician, which the court docket accepted. The court found that if she cannot be believed as to that, it could not depend on her uncorroborated evidence on any of the fees. The defendant was acquitted of all five costs and the court ordered his discharge.
The government’s most up-to-date trafficking convictions were of three traffickers in 2016. The authorities reported excessive evidentiary standards precluded authorities from prosecuting instances beneath the anti-trafficking laws. The defendant pleaded not guilty to 5 charges of rape of an approximately 13 yr old feminine, beneath section 376 of the Penal Code.
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The US Department of State report noted that members of the LGBT group reported societal discrimination in public, employment, housing, recreation and training. The authorities also allegedly monitored the actions and communications of LGBT folks, and their assembly and expression had been restricted.
These provisions, along with infringing on freedoms of expressions and association, threaten the rights to privacy of transgender and gender non-conforming people. International human rights legislation obligates governments to afford the right to freedom of faith to all. This proper, enshrined in article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, contains the liberty to alter one’s faith or belief and to manifest one’s faith or belief in instructing, follow, worship, and observance. This right also contains the proper to be a non secular believer or non-believer.
• Strengthen efforts to enforce laws prohibiting acts that facilitate trafficking, such as retention or confiscation of migrant workers’ identification paperwork and partial or full withholding of wages. • Offer overseas victims long-term alternatives to elimination from the nation. • Expand complete and visible anti-trafficking awareness campaigns directed at employers of overseas workers and patrons of economic sex.
Although it’s illegal for employers to withhold the wages from their workers for more than seven days, some employers withhold wages to recoup labor dealer or recruitment fees or to compel the continued service of workers. Retention of migrant workers’ journey documents by employers or companies remains a widespread practice, though the legislation prohibits it. Traffickers might force some female migrants who arrive in Brunei on tourist visas into sex trafficking. Some traffickers who exploit migrants in Malaysia or Indonesia for sex or labor trafficking use Brunei to transit victims. The authorities had not previously reported allocating a finances to trafficking-specific bills. The government reported building of the shelters was ongoing at the finish of the reporting period. The authorities indicated it will house grownup male victims, if recognized, in local resorts till the completion of the trafficking shelter.
On three April, Brunei totally carried out the Syariah Penal Code Order 2013, which makes provision for death by stoning for same-sex sexual between men, along with criminalising same-sex intimacy between women. The conference introduced collectively ladies from both nations’ forces to share their military experiences and discuss the extraordinary advantages that military ladies deliver to the armed forces of their nations. ASEAN international locations had been recommended to prioritise information availability as part of their national growth strategies. “It is important that countries similar to Brunei Darussalam and Singapore intensify their data production and reporting efforts to watch the SDGs from a gender perspective and in accordance with nationwide priorities,” the report acknowledged. “Women’s representation in government, both at the nationwide and local levels, is essential to make sure ladies have a say about policies in their communities,” the report said. The sultanate’s proportion of ladies in parliament can be properly below the worldwide common of 25 p.c despite ladies outnumbering men in higher training over the previous few years.
DOL supplied staff with enterprise playing cards containing the department’s hotline for reporting labor violations and continued its awareness roadshow to coach the basic public on labor laws, together with on passport retention. Law enforcement officials conducted an inspection of a refinery worksite dormitory and located staff dwelling in unsafe accommodations and with out correct employment documents. After two weeks, the refinery resumed operations, after it closed the unsafe residing facility and met with the federal government to review office security and international worker regulations. Authorities additionally reported fining 5 employers for labor rights violations as a result from worksite inspections.
We’ve additionally assessed Brunei’s sexual offence legal guidelines against worldwide human rights standards. Not solely does Brunei criminalise same-sex sexual exercise and expression of gender identity, it also fails to properly protect different weak groups, such as ladies and children, from sexual offences. The penal code additionally punishes any attempts to, or assistance supplied, to the conduct talked about above. All these provisions place non-Muslim religious believers and non-believers generally in a disfavored status, and severely limits their freedom of religion in violation of worldwide human rights regulation.
Foreign authorities officers continued to report Bruneian authorities deported a number of of their citizens after their Bruneian employers withheld wages or medical care and then reported to immigration officials that the migrant workers had run away. According to observers, the apply of detention and deportation perpetuated victims’ concern of speaking with law enforcement officers, exacerbating important identification and repair provision gaps. The authorities did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of presidency workers complicit in human trafficking offenses but did investigate and prosecute officers for crimes that increased migrant workers’ vulnerability to trafficking.